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法语的名词 及定冠词和不定冠词

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[h=2]名词[/h]
[h=3]名词的性Gender[/h]
阳性名词 Masculine
阴性名词 Feminine

人和动物
阳性后面加e 变阴性 ami男朋友 amie女朋友
以e结尾不变

[h=3]名词的数Gender[/h]
复数
一般加-s
单数 以 s x z 结尾 复数不变化

常用特例:
-al [LEFT]normal mormaux

journal journaux[/LEFT]



[H=2]冠词[/H]
[H=3]定冠词 The[/H]
le 用在阳性单数名词前(第一个字母非元音字母或哑音h) masculine singular nouns

c'est le professeur?


la 用在阴性单数名词前(第一个字母非元音字母或哑音h) Feminine singular nouns



l' 用在元音字母或哑音h开始的单数国名词前 all singular nouns beginning with a vowel sound

les 用在复数国名词前 all plural nouns

Tu détestes les chats

否定句时不变化



[H=3]不定冠词[/H]
un +Masculine singular noun , un livre
une + feminine singular noun , une chaise
des + plural nouns , des affiches

否定句时

une des 变 de (d')

Il y a un chat? Non,il n'y a pas de chat

d' start with vowels :a,e,i,o and u

Il y a ordinateur? Non, il n'y a pas d'ordinateur. 电脑

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